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Separation of powers and constitutional judges. Paper uploaded. Oslo Congress. June 2014

2 mayo, 2014

 

Dear friends:

Our paper “Separation of powers and constitutional judges: an approach to corrective functions” has been finally uploaded for the IX World Congress “Constitutional challenges, global and local”, meeting at the one we will take part from june 16 t0 20th in Oslo, Norway. This Congress is organized by the International Association of Constitutional Law and the Department of Public and International Law at the University of Oslo.

We participate in the Workshop “The mutations and the transformation of division of powers: the constitutional organization” and our paper can be read in this link https://www.jus.uio.no/english/research/news-and-events/events/conferences/2014/wccl-cmdc/wccl/papers/ws15/w15-gutarra.pdf

We enclose below the first lines of our paper.

Best regards,

Edwin Figueroa Gutarra

 

Introduction 

The formal concept of separation of powers, since the first ideas of Montesquieu, has traditionally meant a proposal of separation in a strict sense, avoiding the dangerous concentration of all power in a single establishment. Thus, according to the thinker of Brede, we have separate powers according to the functions assigned by law and Constitution: an Executive branch that strictly governs, a Legislative power whose duties are limited to the production, repeal or modification of laws; and a Judiciary that judges in specific conflicts. 

However, this does not imply a sufficient idea of ​​what we really understand as a material conception of the separation of powers, whose meaning, in this XXI century view, necessarily requires modifying the understanding of the concept and notion of “balance”, from roles assigned to each of these powers since the set of values​​, principles and guidelines that inform our Constitutions. 

We propose in that way, broadly speaking, to develop some important concepts about the functions of corrector power of constitutional judges, since constitutional justice, in relation especially to formal acts of the Legislative- production of laws- mainly because between the Judicial and Legislative branches takes part what we call the constitutional corrective justice. 

Such control function cannot be too open: rationality and reasonableness characterize the use of premises in the constitutional interpretation of law and argue a set of basic traits that identifies balancing in the context of a new model of NeoconstitutionalState, whose worth is in material identification assumptions underlying in all Fundamental Documents, understood as our Constitutions.

 

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