Archive for the ‘j. Special reports for Comparative Constitutional Law’ Category

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Does the President Have the Power to Call a Constitutional Referendum in Peru?. ICONNECT

17 septiembre, 2018

— Maria Bertel, Elise-Richter-Fellow (FWF), University of Innsbruck; Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Central European University[*]

On July 28, Peru celebrated 197 years of independence. On the occasion of this national holiday, the President of Perú, Martin Vizcarra, delivered the President’s Annual Address to the Nation. This was the first time the former Vice-President has given this address since he took power from the elected president Pedro Pablo Kuczynski (PPK), who stepped aside because of his involvement in the “Odebrecht case,”[1] a corruption scandal hitting the whole continent.

President Vizcarra proposed reforms of the judicial and legislative branches. His speech came after several marches of protest against the biggest corruption scandal in Peru in 18 years, which has already led to the resignation of the President of the Supreme Court as well as other officials.[2] President Vizcarra pointed out the crucial role of the citizens in these reforms and announced that they would be submitted to a referendum. The announced referendum would not only encompass the reform of the judiciary (Articles 155 and 156 of the Peruvian Constitution), but also the question whether a one term limit should be placed on members of Congress, whether a second parliamentary chamber should be introduced, and how private financing of parties should be regulated.[3] The reforms of the judiciary consist mainly in a new appointment procedure of the National Council of Judges and new criteria for the members of the National Council of Judges. In the future, a so-called Special Commission, consisting of the President of the Supreme Court, the Attorney General, the President of the Constitutional Court, the National Ombudsman and the Comptroller General shall be responsible for the appointment of the Members of the National Council of Judges. This appointment procedure shall be preceded by a merit-based competition.[4] The new criteria for the members of the Council are amongst others more than 30 years of work experience as a lawyer and not having a criminal or judicial record.[5] The emphasis of all proposed reforms is put on combatting corruption: Rules for the private financing of parties aim at more transparency and are more restrictive[6], the (re-)introduction of the second chamber is meant to help improve the quality of laws,[7] and the one term limit for members of Congress to impede cronyism[8]. (…)

 

Fuente: Maria Bertel, Does the President have the Power to Call a Constitutional Referendum in Peru, Int’l J. Const. L. Blog, Sept. 6, 2018, at: http://www.iconnectblog.com/2018/09/does-the-president-have-the-power-to-call-a-constitutional-referendum-in-peru

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Developments in Constitutional Courts. ICCON. August 13, 2018.

14 agosto, 2018

Estimados amigos:

La intensa actividad de la Sociedad Internacional de Derecho Público – International Society of Public Law– nos ofrece una descripción de las actividades de distintas Cortes Constitucionales y Cortes Supremas, que a su vez desarrollan control constitucional, en los 5 continentes.

Temas tan diversos y opuestos como la criminalización del adulterio, la validación de la no criminalización del aborto, o la viabilidad de la mutilación genital femenina en menores, entre otros importantes temas, constituyen parámetros de referencia de la discusión sobre el alcance y extensión de los derechos fundamentales en diferentes sociedades.

Este escenario naturalmente nos lleva a un enfoque de oposición a contrastar con nuestra realidad: ¿cuánta diferencia existe entre los estándares que dichas Cortes discuten y los de nuestro ordenamiento jurídico? ¿Hemos avanzado más que dichas Cortes en la fijación de estándares? O finalmente, ¿cuáles serían los criterios de validación para que un estándar sea más ponderado que otro?

La discusión se plantea muy compleja por la naturaleza misma de los derechos fundamentales en la búsqueda de su esencia material de progresividad y no de regresividad.

Una breve referencia es incluida a continuación.

Developments in Constitutional Courts

  1. The Supreme Court of India concluded oral arguments in a case concerning the constitutional validity of the criminalization of adultery.
  2. The Constitutional Court of Mali rejected appeals from opposition parties alleging irregularities in the voting process for the election of the President and confirmed that second round voting will proceed according to schedule.
  3. The Supreme Court of Pakistan set aside an order from a subordinate court to restrain the Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) from issuing the victory notification of Pakistan Tehreek-i-Insaf (PTI) Chairman Imran Khan a certain constituency in Lahore and ordering the returning officer to hold a recount of all ballot papers.
  4. The Supreme Court of Brazil held public hearings on the decriminalization of abortion within the first 12 weeks of pregnancy.
  5. The Supreme Court of India considered the constitutional validity of the practice of female genital mutilation in the minority Dawoodi Bohra Muslim community.
  6. The Federal Constitutional Court of Germany held that making pension benefits contingent upon the transfer of an agricultural holding constitutes a factual interference with the freedom of property under Art. 14 of the Basic Law.
  7. The Spanish Supreme Court established that the views expressed by UN Human Rights Treaty Bodies in individual complaints are binding on the State.

Fuente: International Journal of Constitutional Law

http://www.iconnectblog.com/2018/08/whats-new-in-public-law-112/

Saludos cordiales,

Edwin Figueroa Gutarra

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Freedom of teaching, terrorism and State restrictions. Paper

12 junio, 2018

Dear friends of the X Congress of Constitutional Law in Seoul, South Korea:

 

We have posted on this blog in Pages section, our paper entitled “Freedom of teaching, terrorism and State restrictions:  Culture of suspicion or legitimate defense of the State?which will be supported in the V Workshop called “Constitutional responses to terrorism” on June 23, 2018.

The X World Congress of Constitutional Law IACL is called “Violent conflicts, peace building and Constitutional Law” and will take place at the SungKyunKwan University (SKK Univ.), Humanities and Social Sciences Campus. 

The web link is the following:

https://edwinfigueroag.wordpress.com/zzk-freedom-of-teaching-terrorism-and-state-restrictions/

Our study starts from an analysis between the notions of democracy and constitutional State and addresses the complex relationships between fundamental right to freedom of teaching and terrorism, two concepts that express antagonism.

While it is true that it is an axis of all public policy to combat terrorism within the framework of the rule of law and in this regard, the State implements restrictions on non-readmission for teachers sentenced for terrorism, it is important to take into account, at the same time , that it is necessary to clarify whether these issues mean expressions of a suspicion culture, or whether they represent measures for a legitimate defense of the same State.

Best regards,

Edwin Figueroa 

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Administrative Discretion: a comparative analysis

27 marzo, 2018

Blog of the IACL, AIDC

FigueiredoMarcelo Figueiredo is a lawyer, jurist and legal advisor in São Paulo, Brazil.  He is also an Associate Professor of Constitutional Law at the Pontifical Catholic University of São Paulo Law School, President of the Brazilian Association of Democrat Constitutionalists and Vice-President of the International Association of Constitutional Law.

Administrative discretion is critical in administrative process. Two foundational principles guiding a democratic government are transparency and accountability. The actions of public authorities therefore are viewed through the prism of rule of law in general and fundamental rights guaranteed in the Constitution in particular.

Administrative discretion is primarily questioned at two levels. The very law granting discretion or the action taken under the law could be challenged. Both these challenges are done at the touchstone of fundamental rights and judiciary is the forum to agitate the claims. This raise two questions for review as to whether the grant and use of discretion…

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New Titles from Hart Publishing

19 marzo, 2018

Blog of the IACL, AIDC

Australian Constitutional Values

Screen Shot 2018-03-18 at 8.49.40 pm.png

Edited by Ros Dixon

Vigorous debate exists among constitutional scholars as to the appropriate ‘modalities’ of constitutional argument, and their relative weight. Many scholars, however, argue that one important modality of constitutional argument involves attention to underlying constitutional purposes or ‘values’. In Australia, this kind of values-oriented approach has been advocated by leading constitutional scholars, and also finds support in the judgments of the High Court at various times, particularly during the Mason Court era. Much of the scholarly debate on constitutional values to date, however, focuses on whether the Court should in fact look to constitutional values in this way, not the kinds of values the Court should consider, given such an approach.

This book responds to this gap in the existing scholarly literature, by inviting a range of leading Australian constitutional lawyers and scholars to address the relevance and scope of various substantive constitutional…

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Free, prior and informed consent of indigenous peoples: a fundamental right

12 marzo, 2018

Blog of the IACL, AIDC

Konstantin Gerber is a lawyer, doctorate student and has a master’s in legal philosophy from the Pontifical Catholic University of São Paulo. He is also a member of the IACL Social Rights Research Group. 

Foto Dr. Konstantin Atual copy

The objective of this blog post is to encompass some experiences from Latin America and Africa on free, prior and informed consent (FPIC).

In its recommendations, the African Commission on Human Rights acknowledged violations of Articles 1 (recognition of rights and duties), 8 (free practice of religion), 14 (right to property), 17 (right to freely take part in the cultural life) and 21 (right to lawful recovery of property) of the African Charter, as well as the right of the Endorois community to restitution of ancestral territory due to displacement of land around the Lake Bogoria by virtue of the creation of the Lake Bogoria Game Reserve by the Kenyan government in 1978. The violation…

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Just Published: The Alchemists

23 febrero, 2018

Blog of the IACL, AIDC

This post is in conversation with Dr Tom Gerald Daly, author of the recently published book The Alchemists. Dr Daly is a MLS fellow at Melbourne Law School, Co-Convenor of the Constitution Transformation Network (ConTransNet) and Associate Director of the Edinburgh Centre for Constitutional Law at Edinburgh Law School.

image alchemsist bookTell us a little bit about the book
The Alchemists
presents a searching critique of excessive reliance on courts as ‘democracy builders’ in states emerging from authoritarian rule. This court obsession has developed over the seven decades since the end of World War II, but has become a truly global phenomenon since 1989. The book takes a broad comparative, historical and theoretical tack to present a coherent contrarian voice against this growing trend toward ever greater faith in courts as engines of successful democratisation. But I would emphasise that it is not an anti-court polemic. It simply…

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Blog de la Fundación para el Debido Proceso

Blog of the IACL, AIDC

a network of constitutionalists from countries throughout the world

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La Mirada de Peitho

Retos del constitucionalismo en el siglo XXI

I·CONnect

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Justicia en las Américas

Blog de la Fundación para el Debido Proceso

Blog of the IACL, AIDC

a network of constitutionalists from countries throughout the world

Pensamientos de Derecho Constitucional

Retos del constitucionalismo en el siglo XXI